The 2013 Release of Cloudy

G. J. Ferland (1), R. L. Porter (2), P. A. M. van Hoof (3), R. J. R. Williams (4), N. P. Abel (5), M. L. Lykins (1), Gargi Shaw (6), W. J. Henney (7), P. C. Stancil (2) ((1) University of Kentucky, (2) University of Georgia, (3) Royal Observatory of Belgium, (4) AWE plc, UK, (5) University of Cincinnati, (6) CEBS, University of Mumbai, India, (7) CRyA-UNAM, Mexico)

This is a summary of the 2013 release of the plasma simulation code Cloudy. Cloudy models the ionization, chemical, and thermal state of material that may be exposed to an external radiation field or other source of heating, and predicts observables such as emission and absorption spectra. It works in terms of elementary processes, so is not limited to any particular temperature or density regime. This paper summarizes advances made since the last major review in 1998. Much of the recent development has emphasized dusty molecular environments, improvements to the ionization / chemistry solvers, and how atomic and molecular data are used. We present two types of simulations to demonstrate the capability of the code. We consider a molecular cloud irradiated by an X-ray source such as an Active Nucleus and show how treating EUV recombination lines and the full SED affects the observed spectrum. A second example illustrates the very wide range of particle and radiation density that can be considered.

See complete preprint –>

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